As half-term approaches, families up and down the country will be flocking to ski resorts across Europe and North America to enjoy an action-packed break full of winter sports and après ski.
However, skiing can be extremely dangerous and, each year, a large number of people are injured while on the slopes. Most skiing injuries, like cuts and bruises and fractures, are not life-threatening. However, in some cases, skiers and snowboarders suffer serious head, back or neck injuries.
Quite recently, a number of high-profile skiing casualties have publicised the risks associated with winter sports. In December 2013, Formula One World Champion Michael Schumacher suffered a serious head injury that resulted in brain damage while skiing in the French Alps. In 2009, actress Natasha Richardson tragically died after hitting her head on the slopes in Quebec, Canada.
Skiing and snowboarding injuries can be caused by a number of different things. You might suffer an injury as a result of:
Piste authorities, instructors and fellow skiers owe a responsibility to everyone on the slopes to take precautions against accident and injury. In Europe, the International Ski Federation’s (FIS) ‘Rules of Conduct’, provide guidelines to protect skiers, snowboarders and other piste users from danger. These include rules on overtaking, regulating speed and stopping on the piste. In some states in the USA, similar rules are enshrined in law.
With some skiing injuries, the injured party, themselves, are to blame; for instance, if a skier were to collide with a tree or to fall over by accident after misjudging their speed or positioning. These are known as ‘fault accidents’ and in these cases; an individual will be able to claim for their injury and associated medical expenses directly through their travel insurer.
On the other hand, skiing accidents can sometimes be caused by the negligence of a third party; these are known as ‘non-fault accidents’. If your injury was a result of the actions of another skier, a tour operator, the piste authority, a ski tutor or a ski lift operator, you might be entitled to compensation.
Under the FIS’s rules, the skier down-slope always has a right of way. If another skier has hit you from behind, you could have grounds to claim from their travel insurer.
Accidents can also be caused by ski lifts that have malfunctioned or have not been properly maintained. In these cases, it is the company responsible for the ski lift that would be liable.
Faulty hire equipment is another common cause of ski and snowboarding accidents. It’s essential that hire shops ask customers sufficient questions about their skiing ability. They should also measure the height, weight and shoe size of the skier to ensure that equipment is safe and suitable for the individual. If you’ve broken your leg, for example, because the bindings securing your ski boots to your skis weren’t correctly set, the hire shop could be liable for your injury.
Managers of ski resorts are legally required to ensure that their slopes are safe and fit for use. They must warn skiers of fragile slope conditions, avalanches and serious weather conditions. If the terrain on which you were skiing has been poorly maintained or is missing signs alerting you to dangerous areas or potential avalanches, the piste management company could be liable.
Before a ski lesson, a ski instructor should fully understand their pupils’ capabilities and select a suitable slope. If an instructor takes you on a slope designed for more experienced skiers, resulting in you suffering an injury, they have failed in their duty of care and you could hold them to account.
If you booked your skiing holiday as part of a package with a UK travel provider, they are legally required to protect you against injury while you are in their care. They must ensure that the resort staff, hotel owners and instructors they work within the delivery of your holiday take steps to prevent accident or injury.
If you suffer an injury during an activity that was booked as part of your package ski holiday, you are legally entitled to pursue compensation from the tour operator. For instance, if you have suffered an injury during a skiing lesson that was booked as part of your holiday package, you could claim for the negligence of the instructor.
Not only are skiing and snowboarding injuries often very painful and likely to disrupt or ruin your holiday, they might also affect your life after you return home. You may be unable to return to work for a period as a result of your injury, for example, leading to a loss of earnings, or you may have had to pay for physiotherapy sessions. A skiing injury claim can help to alleviate any financial stress associated with such an accident and compensate you for your suffering.
Because of differences in foreign laws, claims against other skiers in accidents that happened abroad can be complicated.
Claims brought under The Package Holiday Claims regulations are relatively straightforward and can usually be dealt with in the UK. Other claims, however, must be brought in the country in which the accident took place. Because of this, they will require the assistance of a solicitor well versed in that country’s jurisdiction.
If you have suffered a non-fault skiing accident while on a package holiday, you could be entitled to claim personal injury compensation. To discuss your circumstances and to find out if you are eligible to claim, contact our expert solicitors today. Call Jefferies on 0800 342 3206 or contact us online.
Published 10th February 2017.